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My research interests include environmental politics and activism, social movements, the cultural construction of identity and difference, social conflicts over the meaning of rights and citizenship, disability rights, and community-based organizing. I currently have two main research agendas:
I. Social Impacts of Frac Sand Mining in Wisconsin
Industrial sand mines have expanded rapidly in western Wisconsin, introducing new forms of environmental and social change to the region. These mines produce a special type of silica sand used within hydraulic fracturing technologies ('fracking') for natural gas extraction elsewhere in the country. Increased demand for 'frac sand' has spurred unprecedented development of sand mining in western Wisconsin and parts of Minnesota. The costs and benefits of sand mining are often extensive, but distributed unequally. In this research, I am using ethnographic methods, such as participant observation and informal interviewing, to document how local communities are responding to these changes and inequities. First, I am interested in how various actors, such as citizens, local governments, and private companies, negotiate and contest the right to transform shared landscapes and exploit natural resources through mining. Second, I am exploring how the rapid expansion of industrial scale frac sand mining affects local democratic control over land use, natural resources, and decision making processes. Third, I am documenting how and why numerous local citizens groups have organized to address frac sand issues. I periodically blog about this research at Contested Landscapes (wisconsinfracsand.blogspot.com). I am writing a book about this research entitled When the Hills Are Gone: Frac Sand Mining and the Struggle for Place, Community, and Democracy (under contract with the University of Minnesota Press).
II. Environmental Conflicts in Central America
Since 2006, I have conducted ethnographic fieldwork in Costa Rica and other parts of Central America on environmental activism involving biodiversity conservation, genetically modified seeds, and intellectual property rights. A central question I have explored is why claims about nature and "biological life" have become increasingly important as political issues and for registering opposition to unpopular economic policies related to globalization. This research formed the basis of my PhD dissertation and resulted in several other publications.
APSS 200: Applied Social Analysis I
ANTH 220: Cultural Anthropology
SOC/ANTH/GEO 290: Global Political Ecology
ANTH/SOC 293: Environmental Justice
ANTH 310: Latinos in the United States
ANTH/SOC 320: Social Movements in Global Perspective
ANTH 400: Applied Anthropology