Definition of Research - Department of Psychology

Below are five basic types of scholarship valued by the university.  These definitions provide guidance but are not discrete since overlap may exist across types of scholarship, and the definitions are not exhaustive of all possible types of significant scholarship.  the intentions of the definitions are to value and encourage scholarship in all its diverse forms.
1. The Scholarship of Discovery includes all activities that extend knowledge through the discovery or collection of new information.  The Scholarship of Discovery includes, but is not limited to, what are typically called basic or original research.
2. The Scholarship of Integration includes activities that are primarily interdisciplinary and interpretive, seeking better understanding of existing knowledge through integration across disciplines and original synthesis to bring new meanings and insights.
3. The Scholarship of Application includes activities that relate knowledge in academic disciplines to communities beyond academia.  Applications may include original investigations oriented to solving problems, developing solutions to problems through use of existing discipline-based knowledge, or making information or ideas accessible to the public.
4. The Scholarship of Teaching and Learning includes activities that are directly related to improving pedagogical practices.  This type of scholarship is oriented to discovery, evaluation, and communication of information about the learning process.
5. The Scholarship of Artistic Endeavor includes activities that are directly related to the creative process, particularly in fine and applied arts, such as drama, music, and visual arts.  This scholarship involves artistic creation and dissemination of works.

(Submitted: November 2006; Reviewed: October 2014)