Section Content

View section details and objectives below.

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Section 1-The Children and You

Chapter 1-You: Working With Young Children
Chapter 2-Types of Early Childhood Programs
Chapter 3-Observing Children: A Tool for Assessment
Chapter 4-Child Development Principles and Theories
Chapter 5-Understanding Children from Birth to Age Two
Chapter 6-Understanding Two and Three Years Olds
Chapter 7-Understanding Four and Five Year Olds
Chapter 8 Middle Childhood

Who you are and what you know affects your ability to work with young children. In this part, you will explore current career opportunities in the early childhood field. You will also examine the responsibilities and characteristics of successful early childhood teachers. Various types of early childhood programs will be described.

Section 1 will help you understand the characteristics of children at different stages. It will give you an overview of the physical, cognitive, social and emotional development. You will learn how to change your teaching skills to fit the developmental needs and interest of children at different ages.

One of the best ways to learn about children is to observe them. Techniques for objectively observing and recording children's behavior will be described in this section.

Section 2-Creating a Safe and  Healthy Environment

Chapter 9-Preparing the Environment
Chapter 10-Selecting Toys, Equipment, and Educational Materials
Chapter 11-Promoting Children's Safety
Chapter 12-Planning Nutritious Meals and Snacks
Chapter 13-Guiding Children's Health

Your primary goal as a child care teacher is to keep children safe and healthy. Creating a safe, healthy environment requires careful planning and preparation. As you read Section 2, you will discover how to arrange the space in a center to promote safety as well as learning and fun. You will also learn criteria for choosing toys and equipment that will safely help meet your program goals.

Section 2 gives safety objectives to help you prevent accidents and illness. It also makes you aware of your responsibilities in detecting and reporting child abuse and neglect.

Guidelines for planning and serving nutritious meals and snacks are provided in this section. Also, procedures are given for handling such medical emergencies as wounds, burns and fevers.

Section 3-Guiding Children

Chapter 14-Developing Guidance Skills
Chapter 15-Guidance Challenges
Chapter 16-Establishing Classroom Limits
Chapter 17-Handling Daily Routines

As you work in child care, guidance will be a routine part of your experiences with children. Children need positive guidance to learn how to get along with others and to stay safe.

In Section 3, you will study and practice techniques for guiding children throughout the day. You will gain insight into methods for handling such guidance problems as negativism and fear. You will learn guidelines for establishing and enforcing rules throughout the classroom. This section will also teach you ways to guide children through such daily routines as dressing, eating and napping.

Section 4-Learning Experiences for Children

Chapter 18-The Curriculum
Chapter 19-Guiding Art, Blockbuilding, and Sensory Experiences
Chapter 20-Guiding Storytelling Experiences
Chapter 21-Guiding Play and Puppetry Experiences
Chapter 22-Guiding Manuscript Writing
Chapter 23-Guiding Math Experiences
Chapter 24-Guiding Science and Technology Experiences
Chapter 25-Guiding Social Studies Experiences
Chapter 26-Guiding Food and Nutrition Experiences
Chapter 27-Guiding Music and Movement Experiences
Chapter 28-Guiding Field Trip Experiences

Good learning experiences for children are based on careful planning that begins with the establishment of program goals for your early childhood program. Quality programs reflect children's developmental needs and interests. In this Section, you will learn how to plan curriculum that is based on the development of the whole child. You will learn appropriate methods of developing and writing program curriculum.

Providing a variety of learning experiences helps children learn and grow in many ways. As you read this Section, you will learn techniques for guiding the following types of experiences: art, storytelling, puppetry, manuscript writing, math, science, social studies, food and nutrition, music and movement, and field trips. Each chapter will give you guidelines for planning and supervising activities. You will read many ideas for specific activities to try with children. You will also discover what types of supplies and resources you will need to conduct these activities.

Section 5-Other People You Will Meet

Chapter 29-Programs for Infants and Toddlers
Chapter 30-Programs for School-Age Children
Chapter 31-Guiding Children With Special Needs
Chapter 32-Engaging Parents and Families
Chapter 33-A Career for Your in Early Childhood Education

Most early childhood programs are geared toward preschoolers. However, you may chose to work with younger children ( infants and toddlers), school-age children, or children with special needs. In Section 5, you will discover what special qualities are needed by teachers in infant-toddler programs and school-age programs. You will learn special techniques for providing care and learning experiences for these children. Section 5 also introduces you to the teaching concerns of children with special needs. You will understand how such needs as speech disorders, health disorders, and giftedness may affect your role as a teacher.

Parents are very much involved with the care and guidance of their young children. You will want to keep them informed of everything that is happening at the center. Parent involvement can be the key factor in the success of a program.

A world of career possibilities is open to early childhood teachers. It's up to you to choose a career path that fits your goals and to find a job that will start you on your path. This section will help prepare you for your job hunt. You will read about how to prepare a resume and find available positions. You will also discover ways to make the best impression possible in an interview and land the job you really want.