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William James

MS Limnology
Biology

Office: 260 Jarvis Hall - Science Wing
Phone: 715.232.5292
Email: jamesw@uwstout.edu

Education

  • M.S. in Limnology: Kent State University (1983)
  • B.S. in Botany: Kent State University (1977)

Research Interests

  • Phosphorus and nitrogen cycling in lakes
  • Lake rehabilitation
  • Sediment-water interactions
  • Aquatic macrophyte ecology and management
  • Shallow lake ecology
  • Large river biogeochemistry

Courses Taught

  •  Aquatic Ecology and Management (BIO450)
  •  Advanced Limnological Approaches to Aquatic Ecosystem Management (BIO650)

About Me 

I was a research aquatic biologist for the U.S. Army Engineer – Engineer Research and Development Center for 32 years and managed and directed limnological research at the ERDC Eau Galle Aquatic Ecology Laboratory (EGAEL). During my tenure with ERDC-EGAEL, my primary research interests were in the realm of biogeochemistry of lakes, reservoirs, and large river systems: nutrient cycling (primarily nitrogen and phosphorus) and eutrophication, movement and distribution of aquatic sediments, sediment resuspension processes, nutrient fluxes between water and suspended or deposited sediment, water and nutrient exchanges between the littoral and pelagic zones. I have had the great pleasure of conducting field research on the Minnesota, Mississippi, St. Croix, and Wisconsin Rivers, Lake Pepin, floodplain backwaters in Pool 5 the Mississippi, and many, many lakes and reservoirs in Minnesota and Wisconsin.

I retired from ERDC in 2011 and became a research aquatic ecologist in the Sustainability Sciences Institute (SSI) of the Discovery Center at the University of Wisconsin – Stout, where my primary research focuses are on lake eutrophication diagnosis and rehabilitation within the SSI’s Center for Limnological Research and Rehabilitation (CLRR). CLRR projects are applied in nature with emphasis on quantifying important sources of nutrients to lakes and developing management scenarios for reversing the eutrophication process. Projects include watershed and lake monitoring, phosphorus budget analysis, steady-state empirical water quality modeling, sediment core analyses, and implementation of management and rehabilitation strategies to control invasive aquatic plants and nuisance cyanobacterial blooms. Recent projects include Half Moon Lake (in Eau Claire), Cedar Lake (near Star Prairie), Lake Desair (near Rice Lake), and Lac Courte Oreilles (near Hayward). I enjoy teaching courses in the Environmental Sciences Major – Aquatic Biology concentration where we have great fun on class field trips and laboratories to nearby lakes and streams. I am also an associate editor for the scientific journal Lake and Reservoir Management.

Publications

James WF. 2011. Variations in the aluminum:phosphorus binding ratio and alum dosage considerations for Half Moon Lake, Wisconsin. Lake and Reservoir Management 27:128-137.

James WF. 2011. Effects of lime addition on the growth of fanwort in soft water systems. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 49:28-31.

James WF. 2010. Nitrogen retention in a floodplain backwater of the upper Mississippi River (USA). Aquatic Sciences 72:61-69.

James WF, Richardson WB, Soballe DM. 2008. Effects of residence time on summer nitrate uptake in Mississippi River flow-regulated backwaters. River Research and Applications 24:1206-1217.

James WF, Larson CE. 2008. Phosphorus dynamics and loading in the turbid Minnesota River (USA): Controls and recycling potential. Biogeochemistry 90:75-92.

James WF, Richardson WB, Soballe DM. 2008. Contribution of sediment fluxes and transformations to the summer nitrogen budget of an Upper Mississippi River backwater system. Hydrobiologia 598:95-107

Best EPH, Teeter AM, Landwehr KJ, James WF, Nair SK 2008. Restoration option for potential persistence of submersed aquatic vegetation: combining ecological, hydrodynamic and sediment transport modeling. Freshwater Biology 53:814-826.

James WF. 2008. Effects of lime-induced inorganic carbon reduction on the growth of three aquatic macrophyte species. Aquatic Botany 88:99-104.

James WF, Barko JW. 2005. Biologically labile and refractory phosphorus loads from the agriculturally-managed upper Eau Galle River Watershed, Wisconsin. Lake and Reservoir Management 21:165-173.

James WF. 2005. Alum:redox-sensitive phosphorus ratio considerations and uncertainties in the estimation of alum dosage to control sediment phosphorus. Lake and Reservoir Management 21:159-164.

James WF, Barko JW, Eakin HL. 2004. Impacts of sediment dewatering and rehydration on sediment nitrogen concentration and macrophyte growth. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 61:538-546.      

James WF, Best EPH, Barko JW. 2004. Sediment resuspension and light attenuation in Peoria Lake: Can macrophytes improve water quality in this shallow system? Hydrobiologia 515:193-201.

James WF, Barko JW, Butler MG. 2004. Shear stress and sediment resuspension in relation to submersed macrophyte growth. Hydrobiologia 515:181-191.

James WF, Barko JW. 2004. Diffusive fluxes and equilibrium processes in relation to phosphorus dynamics in the Upper Mississippi River. River Research and Applications 20:473-484.

Helsel D, Madsen JD, James WF. 2003. Shifting Big Muskego Lake from a turbid to clear water state: Changes in sediment, water quality, and aquatic plants. Lakeline 23:29-32.

James WF, Barko JW, Eakin HL. 2002. Labile and refractory forms of phosphorus in runoff of the Redwood River Basin, Minnesota. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 17:297-304.

James WF, Barko JW,  Eakin HL, Sorge PW. 2002. Phosphorus budget and management strategies for an urban Wisconsin lake. Lake and Reservoir Management 18:149-163.

James WF, Barko JW, Eakin HL. 2002. Water quality impacts of mechanical shredding of aquatic macrophytes. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 40:36-42.

Madsen JD, Chambers PA, James WF, Koch EW, Westlake DF. 2001. The interaction between water movement, sediment dynamics and submersed macrophytes. Hydrobiologia 444:71-84.

James WF, Barko JW, Eakin HL. 2001. Phosphorus recycling by zebra mussels in relation to density and food resource availability. Hydrobiologia 455:55-60.

James WF, Barko JW, Eakin HL, Helsel DR. 2001. Changes in sediment characteristics following drawdown of Big Muskego Lake, Wisconsin. Archiv für Hydrobiologie 151:459-474.

James WF, Barko JW,  Davis M, Eakin HL, Rogala JT, Miller AC. 2000. Filtration and excretion by zebra mussels: Implications for water quality impacts in Lake Pepin, Upper Mississippi River. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 15:429-437.

James WF, Barko JW, Eakin HL, Helsel DR. 2000. Distribution of sediment phosphorus pools and fluxes in relation to alum treatment. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 36:647-656.

Barbiero RP, James WF, Barko JW. 1999. The effects of disturbance events on phytoplankton community structure in a small temperate reservoir. Freshwater Biology 42:503-512.

James WF, Barko JW. 1999. Convective exchanges in a wind-sheltered littoral region of Eau Galle Reservoir, Wisconsin.  Archiv für Hydrobiologie 145:373-383.

Robertson DM, Elder JF, Goddard GL, James WF. 1998. Dynamics of phosphorus retention upstream of Delavan Lake, Wisconsin. Lake and Reservoir Management 14:466-577.

Johnson BL, Knights BC, Barko JW, Gaugush RF, Soballe DM, James WF. 1998. Estimating flow rates to optimize winter habitat for centrarchid in Mississippi River backwaters. Regulated Rivers: Research and Management 14:499-510.

Barko JW, James WF. 1998. Effects of submerged aquatic macrophytes on nutrient dynamics, sedimentation, and resuspension. p. 197-214. In (Jeppesen, Søndergaard, Søndergaard, and Christoffersen, eds.): The structuring role of submerged macrophytes in lakes. Springer Verlag New York.

21. James, W.F., and J.W. Barko. 1997. Net and gross sedimentation in relation to the phosphorus budget of Eau Galle Reservoir, Wisconsin. Hydrobiologia 345:15-20.

James WF, Barko JW, Eakin HL. 1997. Nutrient regeneration by the zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha). Journal of Freshwater Ecology 12:209-216.

Barbiero RP, James WF, Barko JW. 1997. The effects of a change in withdrawal operations on phytoplankton and nutrient dynamics in Eau Galle Reservoir, Wisconsin (USA). Internationale Revue der gesamten Hydrobiologie und Hydrographie 82:531-543.

James WF, Barko JW, Field SJ. 1996. Phosphorus mobilization from littoral sediments of an inlet region in Lake Delavan, Wisconsin. Archiv für Hydrobiologie 138:245-257.

James WF, Barko JW, Eakin HL. 1995. Internal phosphorus loading in Lake Pepin, Upper Mississippi River. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 10:269-276.

James WF, Barko JW. 1994. Macrophyte influences on sediment resuspension and export in a shallow impoundment. Lake and Reservoir Management 10:95-102.

James WF, Barko JW, Eakin HL. 1994. Convective exchanges during differential cooling and heating: Implications for dissolved constituent transport. Hydrobiologia 294:167-176.

James WF, Barko JW. 1993. Sediment resuspension, redeposition, and focusing in a small dimictic reservoir. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 50:1023-1028.

James WF, Barko JW. 1993. Analysis of summer phosphorus fluxes within the pelagic zone of Eau Galle Reservoir, Wisconsin. Lake and Reservoir Management 8:61-71.

James WF, Taylor WD, Barko JW. 1992. Production and vertical migration of Ceratium hirundinella in relation to phosphorus availability in Eau Galle Reservoir. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 49:694-700.

James WF, Barko JW. 1991. Littoral-pelagic phosphorus dynamics during nighttime convective circulation. Limnology and Oceanography 36:949-960.

James WF, Barko JW. 1991. Estimation of phosphorus exchange between littoral and pelagic zones during nighttime convective circulation. Limnology and Oceanography 36:179-187.

James WF, Barko JW, Taylor WD. 1991. Effects of alum treatment on phosphorus dynamics in a north-temperate reservoir. Hydrobiologia 215:231-241.

James WF, Barko JW. 1990. Macrophyte influences on the zonation of sediment accretion and composition in a north-temperate reservoir. Archiv für Hydrobiologie 120:129-142.

Barko JW, James WF, Taylor WD, McFarland DG. 1990. Effects of alum treatment on phosphorus and phytoplankton dynamics in Eau Galle Reservoir: A synopsis. Lake and Reservoir Management 6:1-8.

 James WF, Kennedy RH, Gaugush RF. 1990. Effects of large-scale metalimnetic migration events on phosphorus dynamics in a north-temperate reservoir. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 47:156-162.

 James WF, Kennedy RH, Shain WE, Myers RK. 1988. Leaf litter breakdown in a recently impounded reservoir. Water Resources Bulletin 24:831-837.

 Taylor WD, Barko JW, James WF. 1988. Contrasting diel patterns of vertical migration in the dinoflagellate Ceratium hirundinella in relation to phosphorus supply in a north-temperate reservoir. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 45:1093-1098.

Kennedy RH, Barko JW, James WF, Taylor WD, Godshalk GL. 1987. Aluminum sulfate treatment of a eutrophic impoundment: Rationale, application methods, and preliminary results. Lake and Reservoir Management 3:85-90.

 James WF, Kennedy RH, Montgomery RH, Nix J. 1987. Seasonal and longitudinal variations in apparent deposition rates within an Arkansas reservoir. Limnology and Oceanography 32:1172-1178.

Kennedy RH, James WF, Montgomery RH, Nix J. 1986. Influence of sediments on the nutrient status of DeGray Lake, Arkansas. Pages 53-62. In (Peter G. Sly, editor): Sediment and water interactions. Springer-Verlag, New York.